States and Capitals of India | India states and capitals

India is a Secular, Sovereign, Democratic Republic of India with a system of Government being Parliamentary, it's a union of states. The Constitutional head of Executive of the Union is The President of India. With that, in the states and capitals of India, the President has the Governor as the representative who is the Executive Head of State. 

There are total 28 (twenty eight) India states and capitals and 8 (eight) Union territories and their capital city in the country respectively. The Union Territories are directly administered through an Administrator by the President. Every States and capitals of India or Union Territory of India has a unique history, demography and culture, festivals, language, dress, etc.

The section provided below introduces you to the various States and capitals of India, Union Territories and their capitals in India and urges you specifically to explore their magnificent uniqueness of each State and UT.

states and capitals of India

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's): 
Related to States and capitals of India and Union Territory of India.

How many states and union territory are there in India?

These are the 28 states and capitals of India and 8 Union Territory and their capital cities in India.

How many total districts are there in India?

There are a total number of seven hundred and eighteen (718) districts in the country administered by their respective States or UT.

Which is the smallest and biggest state in India by area?

Goa is the smallest state and Rajasthan is the biggest state in India by area.

Which is the least and most populated state in India?

Sikkim is the least populated state and Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in India.

India shares its border with how many countries?

The country shares its border with Nine (9) following countries:
Bangladesh, Pakistan, Maldives, China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Afghanistan.

What is the capital of India?

New Delhi is the national capital of country India/Bharat.


28 STATES AND CAPITALS OF INDIA :

1) Andhra Pradesh - Hyderabad (Currently Proposed - Amaravati)

  • Andhra Pradesh is a southern east state of India.
  • It's position is tenth (10th) in most populous state in India, and
  • It comes seventh in terms of largest state by area (covering 162,975 km2).
  • It has given the most number of Presidents to India.
  • It has the world's largest Banyan Tree and holds a world record for it and these states and capitals of India have a very rich agricultural diversity.
  • The only pillar that stands suspended in air in the entire world (Lepakshi temple) is situated here.
  • Indian National Flag designer (Pingali Venkayya) was from Andhra Pradesh.
  • The state holds the largest film production facility and holds a world record.

2) Arunachal Pradesh - Itanagar

  • Arunachal Pradesh is a Northern East state of India, previous name - North East Frontier Agency at British Period. Capital - Itanagar.
  • It means the “Land of the Rising Sun” and constitutes a mountainous region.
  • It's mentioned in such ancient Hindu literature as the Kalika-Purana and the epic poems Mahabharata and Ramayana.
  • It stands 27th in Population ranked in India (as per 2011 census).
  • Arunachal Pradesh is a hub to diverse cultures and tribes.
  • In Indian subcontinent, It has the highest number of regional languages. Being home to at least thirty (30) languages and in addition to innumerable dialects and sub dialects thereof, as many as 50 distinct languages possible.
  • It borders the states of Nagaland and Assam (in the South), and shares its international borders with Bhutan (in the West), Myanmar (in the East), and China (disputed border) (in the North).

3) Assam - Dispur

  • Assam is a state in Northern east part of India.
  •  The state is heavily bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh (in North), Nagaland and Manipur (in East), Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh (in South), and West Bengal (in the West).
  • The name of Assam is derived from the Sanskrit word "Asoma" which means "peerless" or "unparalleled" according to some scholars. Also, there is one other theory by some academics today that the word has come from the original name of the Ahomswho had ruled here for about 600 yrs, prior to the Britishers or British rule in India.
  • Assam was known as Kamrupa and Pragjyotisha.
  • It is a state which has its own State Anthem.
  • The state celebrates its main festival Bihu Thrice (3 times) during a year.
  • World's largest and Smallest river islands, Majuli and Umananda respectively, are located here.
  • The first oil well in Asia was drilled here (Digboi, Assam).

4) Bihar - Patna

  • Bihar is an eastern state of India.
  • The word Bihar is derived from Sanskrit "Vihara" which means monastery of Buddhist which infect reflects the region has a prominence of such communities.
  • It is the third (3rd) largest state in India by population and twelfth (12th) largest state in India by territory.
  • Bihar marks the birth place of two religions, namely Jainism and Buddhism.
  • Aryabhata, the renowned Mathematician, hailed from here.
  • It marks the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh, 10th Guru of Sikhs.
  • It was the centre of Trade and Culture during the great Vedic Period.
  • The World's Second and Greatest University Nalanda existed here with the greatest and biggest library of all times, dates back to more than approx. c. 1000 BCE.
  • It is the place where Oldest Hindu Temple in India is located, Mundeshwari Devi Temple, Bihar.
  • It is the state which has produced the most number of IAS (Indian Administrative Service) Officers in the history of country India.
  • The world’s longest Wi-Fi range (>20 kms) is present here in Patna, Bihar and thus these states and capitals of India are much advanced in technology.
  • It homes to the longest bridge of India, Mahatma Gandhi Setu bridge.
  • Home to One of Asia's Oldest and Longest Major Roads, The GRAND TRUNK ROAD (2500 km).

5) Chhattisgarh - Raipur

  • The State Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000, seperated from Madhya Pradesh, and is a State of Central East India.
  • It is the Ninth largest state in Area (135,192 km2).
  • The state comes Seventeenth in most populous state in India.
  • Ancient name of this region is Dakshin-Kaushal.
  • It homes to the much famous Kosa Silk, a Variety of Tussar Silk.
  • Motorcycle Ambulance exists here to save people of remote areas.
  • It accounts India's biggest Steel Industry, >15% of total production of steel in India is done here.
  • Bhoramdeo Temple (built around 11th century), is a great erotic sculpture present and due to its erotic scultures it is also known as "The Khajurho of Chhattisgarh".
  • It is The birthplace of great Saint Vallabhacharya who founded Vallabh Sect.
  • The interesting temple of Talagram, The ancient brick temple, Laxman Temple of Chattisgarh makes the state much famous.
  • It marks the road that Lord Shree Ram walked during the period when he was exiled, it extends from Ratnapur to Ramoram.

6) Goa - Panaji

  • Goa is a state which lies on the southern west coast of India in the Konkan range.
  • Panaji is the state capital while Vasco Da Gama is its largest city.
  • The state capital of Goa is Panaji and the largest city in Goa, state of India, is Vasco Da Gama.
  • The state is the India's smallest state by area.
  • Goa, known as Gomanchala, Gopakapattam, Gomantak, Gopakapuri, etc., in the previous days, abounds in a rich historical heritage.
  • The great empire of Yadavas Kingdom ruled the region before the end of the 14th century which was displaced later by the empire of Khiljis (Delhi) and this is how the Muslim rule came to Goa, later Vasco-da-Gama (in 1498) discovered the sea route to India and then many Portuguese expeditions came to India and this is how Christianity spread over the region.
  • The only Naval Aviation Museum of Asia is at Goa.
  • India’s first medical school, The Goa Medical College, was setup here.
  • The very first English Medium School in India was setup in this state.
  • The only place in India where you can find Floating Casinos is at Goa. It's among the very few states and capitals in India where gambling is legal.
  • The very first printing press in Asia was established in India, and Goa to be specific.

7) Gujarat - Gandhinagar

  • The state lies on the western coast part of India, consists coastline of 1600 km, and mostly lies in the Kathiawar Peninsula.
  • The people of Gujarat are known as Gujarati which are indigenous to the state. World's biggest and underground businesses are run by these people and are famous for business in heredity.
  • Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit (Gurjar, meaning Rashtra/Nation).
  •  It is widely considered as having one of the most industrially developed state and capital of India and a manufacturing hub and traditionally has low unemployment.
  • Has the richest city in India, the Surat city.
  • Home to Lord Krishna's Abode - Dwarka.
  • It houses World's largest/biggest salt desert, the great Rann of Kutch.
  • Has the great GIR Forest which is a home to asiatic lions which are connected well with the culture of the region.
  • Place of origin of Garba, a type of devotional dance.
  • The biggest oil refinery on the planet, The Jamnagar Oil Refinery, owned by the Reliance Industries is the biggest.
  • Tallest statue in the world, namely The Statue Of Unity is located in Gujarat.
  • A Hometown/Birthplace to World's greatest Leaders and Businessman in the history.
  • Greatest Diamond Centre in the entire world, refines >80% diamond in the world, in Surat city itself.
  • AMUL started the White Revolution in the country and Gujarat is home to country's largest dairy producing brand, AMUL.
  • And many more interesting and hundreds of other facts...

8) Haryana - Chandigarh

  • Haryana is a state located in Northern part of India.
  • It has a very proud history which goes back to the Vedic Period. The legendary Bharata dynasty is the home to this state, which has given the name Bharat to Mother India.
  • The epic battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas (Mahabharat) was fought at Kurukshetra, which is situated in Haryana presently.
  • The meaning of Haryana is "The Forest Land Of Hari". The earliest reference to "Hariana" is in Sanskrit. 
  • The state shares its capital city Chandigarh with Punjab, since because the state was later formed by separating from Punjab.
  • It is Economically much very well developed and the it's GDP ranks outstandingly 2nd in India.
  • The holy river banks of Saraswati River, marks to the region where the Vedas, the ancient Hindu literature were written, which is in Haryana in the present days.
  • Haryana is well renowned for its carpet and handloom industry in India.
  • It is notably the largest exporter of Basmati Rice in India.
  • It's a land of Champions, as 22 out of 38 Gold Medals in commonwealth games 2010 that India won are from this state.
  • It is the land where the "Karma" originated.
  • It is the place of most richest crorepatis from rural village in India and thus these states and capitals of India are unique and wonderful in itself.

9) Himachal Pradesh - Shimla

  • Himachal Pradesh is a state situated in Northern part of India.
  •  It is believed to be the abode of Gods and Goddesses and is identified as "Dev Bhumi" meaning land of God.
  • Himachal is derived from the Sanskrit word hima meaning “snow”, acal meaning “slopes”, and Pradesh means “state.”
  • It is the major fruit producer and is also known as The Fruit Bowl Of India, and the state's turnover is mesmerizing INR Rs. 3 billion annually.
  • The state accounts to be the second Least Corrupt state of India.
  • There is an imposed ban on Polyethene and on Tobacco, and it became the first smoke free state of India and various environment saving steps are also taken by the state.
  • Asia's only Natural ICE SKATING RINK is present in the state at Shimla.
  • There are two World Heritage Sites in Himachal Pradesh which are declared by UNESCO, namely Kalka Shimla Express / Toy Train and The Great Himalayan National Park and thus these states and capitals of India are well blessed in Natural beauty all over the country.
  • There are many ancient temples which are mentioned in the Ancient Hindu scriptures in Himachal Pradesh. Very few of them are the great Naina Devi Temple (one of the Shakti peethas), Jakhu temple, Bijli Mahadev Temple, Renuka Ji temple, Bhima Kali Temple (one of the Shakipithas) and many more...
  • World's highest cricket (a game) ground is located in the state in Chail which is at an altitude of 8018 ft above sea level.
  • Lord Hanuman Statue (108 feet) at The Jakhu Temple in Shimla holds a world record for possessing the world's highest statue at an altitude of 8100 feet above sea level.

10) Jharkhand - Ranchi

  • Jharkhand is a state situated in eastern part of India.
  • Jharkhand and Ranchi are the India state and capital respectively.
  • The name of the state or the word Jharkhand means "The Land Of Forests".
  • The state is green as far as one can see it in the state.
  • It is the 14th largest populous state and 15th largest state by area.
  • A revolt called BIRSA MUNDA REVOLT, was the biggest and longest tribal revolt which was fought against British Raj in India.
  • The state is very rich in Minerals such that it accounts for >40% of total mineral resources of India.
  • Jamshedpur city in Jharkhand is the first planned industrial city in India which was founded in 1907 by Jamshedji Tata and is the only city in India which doesn't have any Municipal Corporation and the administration is run by TATA, with a population of more than one million.
  • At the Pahari Mandir in Ranchi city of the state, consists the Largest Indian Flag (weighs 60 kg) hoisted standing on the tallest Flagpole (dimension of 66 feet by 99 feet).
  • The state is really much famous for its Coal Mines like Jharia Coal Mines and also Dhanbad, the coal capital consisting 112 coal mines is located in the state and thus these states and capitals of India are rich in Industrial sector.

11) Karnataka - Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)

  • Karnataka is the state situated in southern west region of India.
  • It is the seventh (7th) largest state of India and the largest in southern India.
  • The state of Karnataka was previously known by the name as "The Mysore State".
  • The state is the largest coffee producer and exporter and in Chikmagalur, the very first plantation of coffee was cultivated centuries ago.
  • The oldest manuscript of Kautilya / Chanakya surviving is in the Oriental Research Institute, mysore, and Oriental Library, Mysore is also the oldest library of modern age in India and thus these states and capitals of India have rich roots in highest quality of education, currently almost destroyed.
  • The Sanskrit Village, Mattur or Mathur, is situated in the state where in day-to-day communications, Sanskrit language is used.
  • The capital city of Karnataka, Bangaluru is known as the IT (Information Technology) Hub of India and is a very proud factor for the state.
  • It consists World Heritage Site by UNESCO, The Ruins Of Vijayanagar Kingdom in Hampi and the site is very much famous for hollywood shooting of films too, it was a home to the beautiful ancient Vijayanagar empire.
  • The world's largest monolith statue, Gomateshwara Statue at Shravanabelagola is located here which is a magnificent 58 feet tall statue.
  • The only manufacturing unit for Indian Flag in India which is authorised manufacturers is "karnataka khadi gramodyoga samyukta sangha" in Bengeri area, Hubli.
  • The first queen to fought Britishers decades before Rani Laxmi Bai, is the great Rani Chennamma or Kittur Chennamma. She revolted against the Kappa tax and led an armed rebellion fought against the East India Company of Britishers.

12) Kerala - Thiruvananthapuram

  • Kerala is a state of southern west part of India at Malabar Coast.
  • The word "Kerala" is named after "Kera" meaning coconut tree and "Alam" which means land. Thus, it can also be named as the land of coconut trees and has a vast coconut plantation in the state.
  • It is the cleanest state of India and comes first in list along with Sikkim.
  • The state is recognized as the least corrupt state in India.
  • It has the highest life expectancy rate in India.
  • It is also well known as The Land Of Elephants and God's Own Country.
  • World's Richest Hindu Temple, Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple which assets worth much more than 22 Billion is situated in Kerala and thus these states and capitals of India are very much rich in cultural scientific history.
  • The oldest, ancient and most effective, also father of Kung-Fu, Kalaripayattu (A Martial Art Form) and it is still in practice in the state and is the origin place in south.
  • Ayurveda is considered as mainstream medicine system in the state and is the only state in India for that. It has been in practice since Vedic Age and thus these states and capitals of India are deeply linked with Ayurveda.
  • The Magnificent Port of Kochi came to be known as Queen Of The Arabian Sea and it ruled the Arabian Sea, one of the reason being the trade of Spices with European traders.
  • Kerala state alone consumes 20% of the gold produced in the entire country and is also known as Gold's Own Country.
  • The state receives the country's first rainfall here.

13) Madhya Pradesh - Bhopal

  • Madhya Pradesh is a state located in the center of India and the meaning of the words Madhya and Pradesh simply means Central Province.
  • It is the second (2nd) largest state in India area wise and fifth (5th) largest populous state.
  • It is formed from the combination of former Indian states, namely Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal out of which Bhopal became the present state capital. 
  • The Khajuraho monuments, of 10th century, is a World Heritage Site in the state.
  • It has the largest reserve of Diamonds in India.
  • The only temple in India where Lord Ram is worshipped as a king instead of God, which was initially built as a palace but later made temple when the Idol present there of Lord Ram was proved impossible to move, Ram Raja Temple at Orchha, Madhya Pradesh.
  • It has total of amazing nine (9) National Parks.
  • Malkhamb, the tradional Indian Sport which shows the art of flexibility, in 2013, was declared the state sport.
  • The oldest stone structure of India (3rd Century BCE), SANCHI STUPA, commissioned by Chakravartin Samrat Ashoka is located in the state.
  • Lord Krishna received his schooling from SANDIPANI ASHRAM located at Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh is one of the four places where the world famous Kumbh Mela is celebrated.
  • One of the oldest cave collection in India is at The Caves of Bhimbetka which has a collection of 600 caves.
  • 3,000 years old rock paintings are found at The Bhimbetka Caves which are predicted to be of Stone Age.

14) Maharashtra - Mumbai

  • Maharashtra is a state located at western part of India in the peninsular region.
  • It is the second largest state in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh.
  • Gujarat and Maharashtra, the states and capitals of India which were seperated by the political movement of Mahagujarat in 1956, formerly they were one.
  • It is the birth place of the great Shree Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Founder of Maratha Empire and Father of Indian Navy, words are not enough to describe him and thus these states and capitals of India are home to world's best and greatest warriors and kings of all time.
  • It is also known as the land of Saints, some of the renowned saints of Maharashtra are Shree Sai Baba, Shree Swami Samarth, Shree Gajanan Maharaj, Shree Narsing Maharaj, and Shree Tembe Swami.
  • India's entire gold assets are kept at Nagpur in the Reserve Bank of India.
  • Asia's first train or rail network was started in the state between Mumbai and Thane.
  • City of Nashik in the state is the place considered where Ramayana started when Shree Lakshman cut off Suparnakha's nose, hence it is called Nashik which in Sanskrit means Nose.
  • World's largest planned city, Navi Mumbai, was built in the state to overcome the problems of Mumbai.
  • It has the highest number of taxpayers in India, and thus is the Honest and Hard working populated state.
  • It also has the largest road network in India, total road length of more than 2,67,500 kms.
  • Four (4) out of the total twelve (12) Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva are in Maharashtra state of India.
  • Mumbai consists of multiple World Heritage Sites which is a very proud feeling in itself, adding to it, the city is the Entertainment, Commercial, and Financial capital of the country.
  • World famous Ajanta and Ellora caves are situated in the state, Kailasa Temple is one of the uncomparable structure in the world at Ellora and thus these states and capitals of India are Architecturally very much rich in world.

15) Manipur - Imphal

  • Manipur is a state of Northern east part of India.
  • Manipur and Imphal are the India state and capital respectively.
  • The state has a very great INA (Indian National Army) Museum which attaches its roots with Freedom Fighter Shubhash Chandra Bose, it is located in Moirang, Manipur.
  • Manipur is known by various names such as Meeteileipak, Sanaleibak, and Kangleipak.
  • The game Polo was originated in this state which gained popularity in the west after Britishers adopted it.
  • It has the world's oldest polo ground, namely Mapal Kangjeibung in Imphal, which is still in use even today.
  • It is a dry state but only Liquor made from Manipuri Rice can be relished by people there.
  • Bamboo's 53 species out of the total 126 species is produced here, accounting humongous 10 Lakh Tones of production per year in the state and thus these states and capitals of India are very much rich in agricultural diversity.
  • The people of Manipur are singers and dancers according to the legends, also known as Gandharvas, and dances such as Ras Lila are classical to the state.

16) Meghalaya - Shillong

  • Meghalaya is a state of Northern east part of India.
  • The name Meghalaya is framed of two words namely "alaya" meaning "abode" and "megha" meaning “of the clouds”, and therefore it is also known as abode of the clouds.
  • Approx. 70% of the state population practices Christianity, remaining practices Islam and Hinduism.
  • English is the official language of Meghalaya, which is the binding force of the state and also these states and capitals of India are very good in English.
  • Meghalaya was separated from Assam in 1972 with the Meghalaya Movement, prior to that it was part of Assam.
  • It is a caving destination, and it has 1,248 Caves registered to be explored.
  • It also consists India's longest natural cave in Jaintia Hills, namely Kem Liat Prah.
  • Mawsynram holds record for receiving the highest rainfall on the planet, 11871 is the average rainfall received per year, and is therefore also known as the state of heavy rainfall.
  • There are tree root bridges of Cherrapunji, are bridges made up of roots of living trees.

17) Mizoram - Aizawl

  • Mizoram is a state in northern east part of India.
  • The state Mizoram was the district of state Assam in India until the year 1972.
  • The word Mizoram is derived from two words, "Mizo" which are The native inhabitants of the region, and "Ram" meaning "land". Therefore, Mizoram is also known as or means The Land Of Mizos.
  • It is a home of many diverse tribes.
  • Tropic of Cancer passes through through India at Aizawal, capital city of Mizoram.
  • World's largest family and Guinness Book of World Record holder resides in the state in Aizawal, Pu Ziona (Head) has 38 Wives, 89 Children, and many grand children in the family.
  • In Mizo culture, the groom must pay a certain price to girl's family in the culture, to get her in matrimonial alliance you can say.
  • The Tribes which reside in Mizo Hills are called as KUKIS, and the region is famous for Kuki Tribes.
  • Bamboo Dance or Cheraw Dance is an art of dance practiced here which is very much famous in which Bamboo staves are kept in horizontal form and moved on the ground by males and females jump in and out of the blocks created with Rhythmic beats.
  • Chai, Khuallam, and Chheihlam are the few other traditional dance forms with which the region is known for!

18) Nagaland - Kohima

  • Nagaland is a state in northern east part of India.
  • The region of Nagaland is almost covered entirely by mountainous area, i.e, it almost lies in hills and mountains.
  • The highest peak in Nagaland, Mount Saramati which is 3,840 meter high acts as a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma.
  • The state of Nagaland is a Tribal Land and is home to 16 Tribes prominently and various other sub tribes are in the region respectively.
  • It is also known as The Land of Festivals, because of the 16 Tribes the festivals goes on and on throughout the year in the state and thus these states and capitals of India have Tribal population a lot.
  • The only airport of the state namely Dimapur Airport was amazingly built at the time of World War two (2).
  • It's a home to Amur Falcons, a magnificent bird found here. Approximately, a million Amur Falcons reside in the state i.e, approx. fifty (50) of them per square kilometer.
  • Almost 90% of the people in the state currently follows Christianity, and English has became official language of the state.
  • Nagaland stands to be the only state which accounts for a population decline depicting control over it between 2001 and 2011, and it has declined by almost 0.47%.
  • It is one of the smallest states in India too.
  • "Unity" stands to be the motto of the state and can also be seen in the state logo itself.
  • Hornbill Festival started by the state government in 2000, is quite famous everywhere which showcases and celebrates the states and the capitals culture, traditions, rituals of the tribes and much more.

19) Odisha - Bhubaneswar

  • The state of Odisha is located besides Bay Of Bengal in the eastern part of the country, India.
  • It was formerly known as Orissa and is the eight (8) largest state in terms of area and eleventh (11) largest Populous state in India.
  • "Odra Desa" or "Odra Vishaya" are the Sanskrit words from which the name of Odisha was derived.
  • Dhanu Yatra, planet's largest open air theatre, which is hoisted in Odisha.
  • The great Konark Temple, centuries old and magnificent art piece, which has 12 pairs of wheels which represents 24 hours and is designed precisely such that exact time can be calculated by looking at its eight (8) spokes shadow casted.
  • The leaning temple of Huma located at Sambhalpur is one of its kind also because it is the only leaning temple in the world.
  • The beach that with every high and low tide appears and disappears for about 5 kilometers in range, Chandipur Beach of Odisha which is also well known as Hide and Seek beach is situated in the state.
  • Odisha has the world's largest ground for Olive Ridley Sea Turtles, The Gahirmata Beach, they cam to breed from the Sri Lankan Coast.
  • The Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri district (One of the four dhams) of Odisha is world famous and also it makes food for lakhs of devotees every single day with over 400+ cooks.
  • It is more populated than combined population of countries of Canada and Australia.
  • The state is a home to Bengal Tigers (Similipal Wildlife Sanctuary) and rare White Tigers (Nandankan Zoological Park).

20) Punjab - Chandigarh

  • Punjab is a state which lies in the northern part of India.
  • The name Punjab is derived from the Sanskrit word panca nada, meaning "five rivers", it is also known as land of five waters or rivers because of the rivers the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej.
  • More than half of the soldiers in Indian Army consists of Punjabis, and people of the state have undying Patriotism.
  • The state accounts in top road connectivity with full 100% rate of connectivity with villages and these states and capitals of India have a great planning and transportation connectivity.
  • The states and capitals of Haryana and Himachal were carved out of Punjab in 1966 on the basis of the languages spoken by the current states and the capitals.
  • World's oldest and greatest university ever, namely The great Takshashila University existed on this land and its ruins can still be seen even today.
  • World's most visited place, The Holy Golden Temple is situated in the state and the temple also holds a World Book of Records for it.
  • Punjab is one of the most healthiest state of India, and is positioned second after Kerala in terms of health.
  • The soil of the state is extremely fertile, and it is also known as the Bread Basket of India and major crops like Wheat, Rice, etc are grown here.
  • The just and serene religion of Sikhism was founded in Punjab by Guru Nanak during sixteenth century (16th).

21) Rajasthan - Jaipur

  • Rajasthan is a state of northern part of India.
  • The word Rajasthan can be breaked in Raja and sthan which means "Land of Kings" or "The Abode of the Rajas", and was formerly known as Rajputana meaning the country of Rajputs (sons of kings/rajas).
  • It is the largest state by area in India and seventh largest populous state.
  •  India's first and second Nuclear tests were conducted at Pokhran range in Rajasthan in 1974 and 1998.
  • Karni Mata Temple of Deshnok is world famous for more than 20,000 rats residing there and are said to be the heirs of presiding deity of Mata Karni.
  • The Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur is an ideal shooting location and has been featured in Hollywood movies like The Dark Night Rises and Octopussy.
  • It is the state which covers most of the land area by desert and has the India's biggest desert, The Thar Desert and therefore the state is also called the Great Indian Desert.
  • Hawa Mahal, is a honeycomb designed structure with a total 953 small windows and is an elegant place of windows which enable the people inside to get a glimpse of the streets without being seen.
  • It is the land of colorful names because of the capital city of Jaipur is known as the Pink city, Udaipur as India's white city, Jodhpur as India's blue city, and Jaisalmer as India's golden city.
  • Udaipur city is famous in the world for destination wedding and many celebrities from foreign have destinated their wedding in the beautiful city.
  • 700 Years old Kumbhalgarh fort with a 36 kilometer wall is the biggest wall at second position next to The great wall of China in the world.
  • Pushkar is the only temple which is dedicated to Lord Brahma Temple in the whole world.
  • The iconic Pushkar Mela in the Pushkar town is one of the biggest livestock fair in India.

22) Sikkim - Gangtok

  • Sikkim is a state in Northern east part of India.
  • It is a state with least population in the country and second smallest state in terms of area.
  • Kanchenjunga Mountain, which is regarded as the guardian deity of Sikkim state is the third highest mountain in the world, is situated in this state.
  • The state shows extreme biological diversity and therefore it is one amongst the 18 Biodiversity hotspots located in the world.
  • Plastic water bottles as well as Styrofoam products are banned in the state, "Say no to plastic".
  • India's first mixed world heritage site by UNESCO, The Khangchendzonga National Park, home's to 18 sub forest type, 18 Glaciers, Great Mountain Peaks, Lakes, Waterfalls, and much more...
  • The state has many famous Medicinal Hot Water Springs such as Ralang, Yumthang, and Reshi.
  • Phang Labsol Festival which is held in Sikkim is a thanksgiving celebration in respective honor of the mountain deity namely Kanchenjunga.
  • After Hinduism, Buddhism is the second most followed religion in the state.
  • Very famous Siddheshwar Dham locates to Sikkim where 108 Foot Tall Statue of Lord Shiva and twelve (12) Jyotirlinga and models of Chardham temples replicas can be seen around Lord Shiva.
  • The state is India's first Organic State where the land dedicated to organic farming accounts to more than 75,000 Hectares and the region shares a special natural bond with themselves.
  • A temple dedicated to a soldier whose spirit still guards the Indian borders, Baba Harbhajan Singh, can be seen here.
  • The state has a total of eleven (11) official languages which are many.
  • World's second largest production of Cardamom after Guatemala, accounts to Sikkim.

23) Tamil Nadu - Chennai

  • Tamil Nadu is a state which lies in the southern most part of India.
  • Its capital city is Chennai which was formerly also known as Madras.
  • The colorful longest corridors of the Ramanathaswamy Temple (3850 feet tall) in Rameshwaram are the longest in the world.
  • The Ramanathaswamy Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga, plus one of the pilgrimage center of the Char Dhams.
  • The tastiest drinking water in the world, Sweet Siruvani Water from the waterfalls at Coimbatore is safe for drinking and world famous for its taste.
  • Jallikattu Festival celebrated in the state is more than two millenea old and specific bred of Bos Indicus Bulls are involved for the event.
  • Kurinji flowers at Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu are world famous and only blooms once after every recurring twelve (12) years.
  • At Mainland India's southern most point Swami Vivekananda Rock Memorial is built where he took enlightenment.
  • Siddha Medicine started by Rishi Agastya is the traditional medicinal system of the state and is also originated in Tamil Nadu.
  • The state accounts to the highest number of Organ Donors in India.
  • Tamil Nadu also has the highest number of flowering plants in India with almost 410 species of flowering plants.
  • Chennail, the capital city of Tamil Nadu is also known as "Detroit Of Asia" as more than forty (40%) percent of the auto parts and motor vehicles of India are manufactured in the state.
  • Rock structures at Mahabalipuram has a group of sanctuaries which dates back to approx. 7th and 8th centuries and are carved out of rock which includes giant open air rock relief, rathas, and mandaps.
  • Pancha Bhoota Stalam of Lord Shiva are there out of which three of them are at Chidambaram, Kalahasti, and Kanchipuram and incredibly all these lie in an exactly straight line (79 Degree 41 Minutes East Longitude).

24) Telangana - Hyderabad

  • Telangana is a state which lies in the southern central part on the high deccan plateau in India.
  • Telangana and Hyderabad are the state and capital of India state Telangana.
  • Telangana was carved out of the state of Andhra Pradesh on June, 2014 and was previously part of Andhra Pradesh. 
  • The major region of the state is covered by hills, thick dense forests and mountain ranges.
  • The state's economic is majorly proportionated towards Agriculture and is an Agrarian State, and main crop grown here is Rice.
  • The name Telangana is derived from the Trilinga Desa, as Scholars believe Lord Shiva to descend in Lingam form from one of the three mountains of Trilinga Desa out of which one is Telangana.
  • It is the twelfth (12) largest state in terms of both area and population.
  • The state shares it's capital city Hyderabad with Andhra Pradesh.
  • The holy river Godavari that passes through the state is considered sacred and is often referred to as Dakshin Ganga or the Ganges of South.
  • Golconda Fort near Hyderabad is a historic fort which has many precious mines and has produced many famous diamonds and thus is also known as land of gems.
  • The Thousand Pillar Temple built by King Rudra Deva in eleventh (11th) century and is currently situated in Warangal District has thousand (1000) pillars as it's modern name says and is a very famous religious place.
  • The famous Tennis game player, Sania Mirza, is the Brand Ambassador of Telangana

25) Tripura - Agartala

  • Tripura is a state that lies in northern east part of India.
  • It is the third smallest state of India by area and is bordered by Mizoram, Assam, and internationally shares its border majorly with Bangladesh in north, west, and south directions.
  • Children between the age of 6-14 years at the time of basic education, they are educated for completely Free in the state.
  • 500 years old Matabari or Tripura Sundari Temple (built in the year 1501) is among the famous 51 Shaktipeeth Temples in India.
  • The state is connected to India with only one National Highway, NH-44 and therefore is also known as a bit of geographically disadvantage state.
  • 91% of the land cultivated in Tripura is Rice and is a major rice producer and major crop of the state.
  • Current Chief Minister (CM) of Tripura accounts to be the Poorest CM in India, Manik Sarkar - CM of Tripura.
  • The state is home to Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary (18.53 Sq. Km) which is much famous for the spectacled monkey found here.
  • The ancient archeological site of Pilak, Jolaibari is a site of civilization that flourished around 8th to 12th century, where Artifacts and excavations conclude existence of Hinduism and Buddhism.
  • Some other Palace, Temples, and museum are very much famous in the state abroad too.

26) Uttar Pradesh - Lucknow

  • Uttar Pradesh is a state which lies in Northern part of India.
  • It accounts to the largest populated state in India and also the largest country sub division on planet in terms of population, and fourth largest by area, and is bigger than United Kingdom (UK) in terms of Area.
  • The word Uttar Pradesh means "Northern State" and the state was formerly known by the names Madhya Desha or Brahmarshi Desha at Vedic age.
  • Many many great sages of the Vedic Period like Vashishtha, Bhardwaja, Gautam, Vishwamitra, Yagyavalkaya, and Valmiki had flourished in the region of this state.
  • This is the state where birth of literary Legends or Saints or Sages took place, namely Shri. Tulsidas, Kalidas, Valmiki, Gautam, Bhardwaja, Yagyavalkaya, Vashishtha, Premchand, Surdas, and many more.
  • Great historical epics of World, namely Mahabharat and Ramayana appears to be inspired by the state.
  • Uttarakhand was part of the Uttar Pradesh and not a state until the year 2000.
  • The state has been the place of the most powerful empires which existed, namely Sunga, Magadha, Maurya, Nanda, Mughals, etc.
  • Maa Ganga and Yamuna rivers flow through the state Uttar Pradesh before merging/draining into the ocean, Bay of Bengal.
  • The state is a tourist location having places like Taj Mahal, Ayodhya, Mathura, Vrindavan, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Sarnath Jain Temple, etc.
  • One of world's oldest and cultural capital of India, City Varanasi is located in the region.
  • Parijaat Tree situated is known for it's color changing flowers and is believed to have been brought from Heaven by Lord Krishna.
  • The city of Shamli reports to the highest number of Life Insurance Company - LIC Premiums in the country.
  • Lucknow city of Uttar Pradesh is India's first CCTV City and was put under the surveillance of more than 4,000 cameras and increasing.
  • The state accounts to the highest number of Prime Ministers made and the largest number of Lok Sabha seats.
  • The state holds a World Record for the world's largest human gathering at Kumbh Mela at Allahbad in 2013 with more than 12 crore people gathered and the Mela is organized every 12 years here.

27) Uttarakhand - Dehradun in Winter, and
Gairsain in Summer

  • Uttarakhand is a state of India which is located in north part of the country.
  • The word Uttarakhand is a Sanskrit word meaning "Uttara - North, Khand - Land" or Northern Land and the state was formerly well known as "Uttaranchal".
  • Sanskrit is the official language of the state and is the only state to have Sanskrit as its official language after Hindi language.
  • Uttarakhand is also known as "Devabhumi" meaning "The Land of Gods" because of the region's various holy places and religious sites like Kedarnath, Rishikesh, Haridwar, Gangotri, Yamnotri, etc.
  • Brahma Kamal meaning White Lotus of the state is famous for its medicinal properties and also the State flower of Uttarakhand and it is believed that it is the Lotus that Lord Brahma holds in his hands.
  • Rishikesh, Uttarakhand is known as the World's Yoga Capital and it's also believed that meditating here brings oneself closer to moksha attaining.
  • The oldest national park in India, Jim Corbett National Park which was established in 1936 is situated in the state which was built to preserve the endangered world famous Bengal Tigers.
  • The legendary Beatles crew travelled to Rishikesh (1968) to attend Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's life changing meditation training and spent three months here and composed a total of 48 songs.
  • Bichchu Grass is a common plant found in the state of Uttarakhand in hilly regions and produces a stinging sensation once it comes in contact with the human skin which describes its name.
  • The state is the origin of rivers Ganga and Yamuna at Devprayag and Yamunotri respectively and here's where the holy water originates/comes.
  • The world's highest Shiva Temple, Tungnath Mahadev Mandir, is said to be thousands year old and sources confirm the area vibes to be most peaceful.
  • Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve located in the unique transition zone is home to the rarest species of flora and fauna.
  • India's tallest dam, namely The Tehri Dam is located in the state.
  • Bharat Mata Mandir in Haridwar is very famous and is a multi storey temple dedicated to Bharat Mata.

28) West Bengal - Kolkata

  • West Bengal is a state located in the eastern part along the Bay of Bengal in India.
  • It is the fourth (4th) largest state by population and fourteenth (14th) largest state by area.
  • The word Bengal is derived from the very ancient kingdom of Vanga or Banga and the meaning of the name Banga references to the Sanskrit Literature.
  • UNESCO had declared for the most sweetest language in the world to be Bengali.
  • The Howrah Bridge in Kolkata is the busiest bridge in the world and the largest, one in India, Cantilever Bridge.
  • The capital city of West Bengal is Kolkata which is home to five (5) Nobel Laureates, namely Sir C V Raman, Amartya Sen, Rabindranath Tagore, Sir Ronald Ross, and Teresa.
  • The Calcutta Football League (founded in 1898) is one of the oldest football tournament in the world, and the oldest football tournament in India.
  • The Great Banyan Tree is the World's Largest Tree situated in the botanical garden of Kolkata and the tree has more than 330 meters circumference.
  • World's second largest cricket stadium is located here, "Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium" and is also known as "Cricket's Answer To The Colosseum".
  • India's oldest operating port is situated in Kolkata and is known as the Port of Kolkata which was built by the East India Company (in 1870).
  • The largest public library in India is located in Kolkata, namely The National Library Of India.
  • The oldest commercial bank of Indian Subcontinent is SBI (State Bank Of India) which was founded as The Bank Of Calcutta (in 1806).

8 UNION TERRITORIES AND CAPITAL CITY:

India states and capitals

1) Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Capital: Port Blair

  • The union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is located below the Indian mainland in the southern part.
  • It is a group of total number of 572 Islands together.
  • Andaman Islands got its name from The great epic Ramayana, to be specific from the Lord Hanuman.
  • Andaman is the only place in India where the Active Volcano is present at Barren Island, Andaman (approx. 135 km away from port Blair).
  • World's largest crabs in the world are found in Andaman Islands, namely The Hermit Crabs or  Palm Thieves or Robber Crabs or Coconut Crabs and scientifically known as Birgus Latro, and are found in the highest number here in the world.
  • The largest of all living turtles, namely The Leatherback Sea Turtle nest in Nicobar Islands, their avg. adult size is between 1 to 1.75 metres in size (length) and 250 to 700 kilograms in weight.
  • Bengali is the language which is widely spoken by majority and not Andamanese or Ongan and Followed by Hindi, Tamil, Telegu.
  • Fishing for commercial purpose is banned here.

2) Chandigarh - Chandigarh

  • Chandigarh is an union territory, district, and city of India.
  • Chandigarh serves to be the capital city of two states in its neighbor, namely Punjab and Haryana.
  • The word Chandigarh is derived from goddess Chandi and Chandi Devi Mandir (Hindu Shrine dedicated to goddess), is known as the goddess of power.
  • It is the first planned city of India and is also planned in different sectors.
  • It is also known as one of the greenest city of India, be it roads, bridges, plantation is done at its max upon the route and elsewhere too.
  • It is one of the cleanest city in India due to proper city planning.
  • There are many gardens, valleys, markets, restaurants, etc to make outings for the people living here worthwhile.

3) Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Daman and Diu

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu (DNHDD) is an union territory in western part of India.
  • Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman, and Island Diu came under Indian administration in mid of 20th century and before was a part of Portuguese India.
  • Bombay High Court is the jurisdiction under which the Union Territory falls into and DNHDD Police takes care of Law Enforcement here.
  • It is divided into two constituencies from which two Member of Parliament (MPs) comes to the Lok Sabha.

4) Delhi - New Delhi

  • Delhi is an union territory and city located slightly above the central part of Indian subcontinent in India.
  • The territory is also known as National Capital Territory of India (NCT) and the monumental city.
  • It's capital namely New Delhi is also the capital of India (country).
  • The word Delhi is derived from "Dhillika" meaning the place had around eighteen (18) different sites of various emperors and kings.
  • ghest after city Mumbai in India.
  • As a fact, the city of Delhi was destroyed seven times and rebuilt.
  • The last fort built in India is Red Fort or Laal Kila which is situated in India and is also UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • World famous Lotus Temple is located in Delhi which has won numerous architectural awards and featured in many publications. Temple is open to all irrespective of caste, creed, or religion, its architectural description is amazing and can be explored further while surfing about it on internet.
  • Jama Masjid which is largest mosque in India is located in Delhi and was ordered to build by Shah Jahan in 1650 during their rule which took 6 years to finish.
  • The Iron Pillar of Delhi which is approx. 1,600 years old is completely a rust free pillar made of Iron which resisted the populated environment of Delhi.
  • Asia's largest Spice wholesale market and probably the world's largest is located in Delhi opposite Red Fort at Delhi's Khari Baoli Market.

5) Jammu and Kashmir - Srinagar in Summer, and
Jammu in Winter.

  • Jammu and Kashmir is an Union Territory located in northern part of India just below the disputed land of larger Kashmir region.
  • The territory has two capitals, namely Jammu is the winter capital and Srinagar is the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Traditional beverage of Kashmir is Gulabi Chai or Sheer Chai which is pink in color and salty in taste.
  • Natural Shiva Linga made up of ice in 5,000 year old Amarnath Cave is located in Jammu and Kashmir which is a very holy place.
  • Muslim shephard named Buta Malik found the Amarnath Cave according to some legends.
  • The coldest locally inhabited place in India namely Dras, Ladakh is the second coldest inhabited place in the world as well, where temperature reaches as low as minus sixty (60) degrees.
  • Ruins of Sun Temple at Martand in Anatnag which gives a complete view of the Kashmiri Valley and was built around 8th Century CE.
  • India's First Floating Post Office was built here in Dal Lake, Srinagar is built on a houseboat.
  • House Boat phenomenon or "Naav Narain" in Dal Lake is very famous which was started in 1880s by Pandit Naraindas for housing foreigners in Dal Lake.
  • Gulmarg or Gaurimarg is a popular hill station in India for Skiing.
  • The iconic Vaishno Devi Temple of the Trikuta Mountains is very famous and holy pilgrimage site located in J&K.
  • Very famous Pashmina Shawl which is taken from the Changthangi (Himalayan Goat) belly part is very famous in the world.

6) Ladakh - Leh

  • Ladakh is an Union territory located in northern part of India and is a region of larger Kashmir in India.
  • Largest town and the territory's capital city is Leh after which the second largest town is Kargil.
  • Dras place located in Ladakh region has temperatures reaching minus (-) 60 degree celsius and is known as the second coldest inhabited place on planet.
  •  Pangong Lake in Ladakh is one of the famous tourist destination across world because of its heavenly beauty which is 143 km long from Leh, India to Tibet, China.
  • Ladakh has a whooping 225 species of beautiful birds such as Hoopoe, Finches, Redstarts, and Robins.
  • The Bailey Bridge constructed by Indian Army (in 1982) is the world's highest bridge and is in the Himalayan Ranges in Ladakh region between Suru and Dras River respectively.
  • It has the world's highest salt water lake, highest agricultural fields in the world. India's highest settlement is also located here.
  • The famous Magnetic Hill on the route from Leh to Kargil is known for its gravity defying illusions on the road.
  • It has the maximum number of festivals than any other place in the country and thus is also known as The Land Of Festivals.
  • World's highest motorable road namely Khardung La Pass in Ladakh which has an elevation of 5,359 meters.
  • One of the hardest trekking routes on the planet, the Chadar Trek is located here and also covers the frozen River Zanskar.

7) Lakshadweep - Kavaratti

  • Lakshadweep is a union territory, group of Islands which are located in southern west coast part of India and lies close to the Malabar Coast of Kerala.
  • Lakshadweep Islands were also known by the name of Laccadive Islands and the word "Lakshadweep" is derived from Sanskrit language meaning " One hundred thousand islands".
  • Lakshadweep is the smallest Union Territory of the country, India.
  • The natives of these islands are believed to preach Islam by Saint Ubaidullah Andrott and the grave of Saint is a sacred place located here.
  • More than 90% of the population follows Islam (Muslim people) and is thus the main religion being followed here.
  • There are total number of 39 islands out of which only 10 islands are inhabited with no population on other islands.
  • The judiciary of these islands are served by the High Court of Kerala (located at Emakulam to be specific).
  • Coconut occupation is the main economy here.
  • Natural beauty of these islands is been appreciated and about which its been spoken all around the world.

8) Puducherry - Pondicherry

  • Puducherry is one of the eight union territory of India located in southern part of the Indian Peninsula region.
  • The name Puducherry is also known as "Paris of the south", "Europe of India", and "French Riviera of east".
  • Before 1954, the territory was under the French rule for 138 years.
  • On India's East Coast, it is the only place where you can do Scuba Diving and can also be certified in Scuba Diving here.
  • The territory has a whooping seventy (70) temples of Lord Ganesha and at a local temple namely Manakula Vinayagar Temple is a place where you can meet Elephant too.
  • The world's third largest Mahatma Gandhiji Statue is located in the region.
  • and many more things to be explored about this territory is available.

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