Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

Understanding the formation of Arunachal Pradesh: As India is the seventh-largest country in the world and the second-most populous till today, it is a populous country mainly because of its large population while it cannot be easy to handle the entire population, the country decided to form states by appointing a chief Minister to administer the affairs, to satisfy the requirements and for the welfare of the citizens, that is how we have 28 states and 8 union territories in India at present.

Each state has its unique characteristics, which are mostly based on its variety of culture, language, and number of historical monuments that carry ancient messages in history.

"India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great-grandmother of tradition."
-Mark Twain

India is called Incredible India for a reason, with such a beautiful heritage and striking tourist destinations.

It remains the world's best tourist destination where we can see millions of foreigners visiting the country to witness its true colors and its natural beauty.

In that way, we are going to see an article on the various important features, ancient history and some facts on the state of Arunachal Pradesh.


Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is popularly known as the ' Land of the Dawn Lit Mountains' because most of the state is covered by the Himalayas, therefore Arunachal Pradesh in Sanskrit simply means 'The Land of the Rising Sun'. It also has other names like the 'Paradise of the Botanists' and 'The Orchid state of India' as the state has recorded to have grown the highest number of Orchids.

As the state is situated in the Northeastern part of the country it is mostly covered by the mountains which gives the state an additional breathtaking beauty.

The state Arunachal Pradesh was assembled as an Indian Union Territory in the year 1972 until then it was a part of Assam which was later formed as a separate state in the year 1987.

Itanagar being the capital of Arunachal Pradesh is the largest city in the state.

The state is least populated with only a population of 1,711,895 in the year 2021, it is said to have a gross domestic product of US$1.75 billion at current prices in 2012.

The economy of the nation primarily depends upon its agriculture because of its widely available natural resources. They practice the term Jhum which involves the shifting of cultivation.

As they acquire 61,000-kilometer forests which makes it the most remarking sector in which they have both tropical evergreens and subtropical evergreens as they can get many forests products.

Mainly a variety of medicinal plants, such as the ginseng and yew that helps in the cure of many inflammations and the treatment of cancer, The state also grows crops such as rice, maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, and oilseeds.

In recent days, Arunachal Pradesh is said to be the most diverse state as the people in it speak around 30 to 50 distinct languages such as the Nyishi, Adi, Galo, Bengali, Chakma, Hajong, Hindi, Nepali, Bhotia, Assamese, Tangsa, and more.

The climate of the state differs in height and altitude, the foothill zones in the lower valleys have a hot and humid climate during the summertime in June, July, and August whereas during the winter season the temperature decreases to 13 degrees in the mountainous areas.


  1. Let us know and some interesting and fun facts regarding Arunachal Pradesh, As the state is surrounded by mountains and hilly regions there will be many new things to explore.

  2. Have you ever wondered from which place the sun would first rise in India? From Dong Valley, as it is situated at the height of 1240 meters it is the first to receive sunrise in the country.

  3. During post monetization, the people of Khawbung village in Mizoram were struggling to satisfy their daily needs as they were financially weak so they started to make paper coupons for their financial transactions to buy and sell things.

  4. The fact that Arunachal Pradesh is the least populated in India itself is an interesting feature of the state.

  5. India's largest bridge is situated in Arunachal Pradesh, the Dhola-sadiya connects the two states of Arunachal Pradesh with Assam.

  6. There are no airports in the state, therefore people cannot fly directly to the place instead they can land in Assam's airport and take a means of road transport to Arunachal Pradesh.

  7. Arunachal Pradesh receives an annual rainfall of 30000 mm annually despite having an evergreen scenery, the annual rainfall just makes the state even fresher.

  8. Whooping 82% of the state is covered with forests which gives never-ending oxygen and refreshing air to its people.


In the year 1912, the British Government made dealings with the people of Northeastern Himalayas to set up Balipara frontier tract, Sadiya frontier tract, and Tirap Frontier Tract which altogether formed a North-East Frontier Agency.

It was later formed as the state Arunachal Pradesh, the Northern Territory at that time was named as Mc Mahon line which lasted till the Tibet of China which was a heated disagreement between India and China as China refused to sign the convention for Mc Mahon line.

Even after the independence of India in the year 1947, China decided to declare the entire area as theirs which was then the Assam state, proclaiming that the Mc Mahons line was never accepted by China by writing letters and showing their maps of the marked territory as Chinese to the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Suddenly on August 26, 1959, the Chinese started to attack and capture an Indian outpost at Longju.

Eventually, in the year 1961, they abandoned the outpost at Longju, yet they never stopped and again attacked in the year 1962 by crossing the line with much force and attacking the whole frontier. Later on, the Chinese decided to withdraw to the Mc Mahon line and released the Indian soldiers who were held by the Chinese as prisoners.

There have been no more disputes or attacks by the Chinese after the year 1962, but the tensions remained. In order to protect the region from any more attacks, the international borders were safeguarded by the soldiers as it had been reported that there were sudden attacks by both sides. The territory has been controlled by the Indian National Congress.

Ever since then, the Government has been trying to slowly improve and develop the region.

Later on, the North-East Frontier Agency was renamed as Arunachal Pradesh by Sri Bibhabasu Das Shastri, The Director of Research and KAA Raja, Chief commissioner of Arunachal Pradesh which soon became the Indian Union Territory in the year 1972, which was later on formed as the state Arunachal Pradesh on 20 February 1987.

The state has been recently seeing lots of advancement and growth by improving the road network and providing several facilities to the public such as electricity, water, and hospitality, especially in the tribal villages.

Arunachal Pradesh, State of India.

1. What is special about Arunachal Pradesh?

Arunachal Pradesh is the only state which is situated far in the northeastern area of India which is a Hindi speaking state and is still one of the best examples of diverse culture as it is known for its multi linguistical feature of people speaking around 50 languages and Arunachal Pradesh also has 26 tribes and more than 100 sub-tribes.

2. What is the old name of Arunachal Pradesh?

Before naming it Arunachal Pradesh it was named by the British government as the Northeast Frontier Agency.

3. Which is the most popular festival in Arunachal Pradesh?

The Festival called 'Solung of Adis' is the most popular festival celebrated by the people on 1st September of every year, It is an agricultural-based festival that is celebrated in the belief of boosting the harvest of every year.

4. Which is the most followed religion in Arunachal Pradesh?

Christianity is the most largely followed religion in Arunachal Pradesh as it is on the border of China, According to the census of 2011, 30.26% of the population belongs to Christianity.

5. What is the famous food in Arunachal Pradesh?

Bamboo shoots are a famous food that is eaten along with almost every meal they take, like a side dish. Bamboo shoots are made using delicate bamboos and marinated with baking soda and ground spices.

6. What are the best tourist places to visit in Arunachal Pradesh?

Namdapha National Park, Tawang, Sela Pass, Tezu, Nuranang falls, Pakhui wildlife sanctuary, Dhirang are some of the top best tourist places to visit when you stay in Arunachal Pradesh.


As we have come to know many wonderful things regarding Arunachal Pradesh starting from its features, to its rival with China and the formation of the state along with the interesting factors of the state itself is enough to tempt us to visit the place and enjoy its beauty as its covered by hills and mountains.

If you're a wanderlust, then this destination is exactly for you, you will love the friendly behavior of the people as Indians are always warm and welcoming, they will somehow make you feel at home, the foods in this state are very unique compared to the usual southern or northern-based food whether it be Pehak, Apong, Chura Sabji, and momos.

The mesmerizing view of valleys itself will take your breath away, Since it is the least explored region it is not being appreciated by many for its greenery and natural beauty.